Government to allocate 5G spectrum by August 12: Telecom Minister Vaishnaw
Days after the 5G auction was held, the government completed the process of spectrum ‘harmonisation’, paving the way for players’ holdings in a particular band to be streamlined for greater efficiency, Telecoms Minister Ashwini said. Vaishnaw.
The spectrum harmonization process, essential for 5G services, brings together a set of radio waves within a band into a single contiguous block with the consensus of all telecommunications service providers. Vaishnaw said the government is on track for the timely allocation of player-purchased radio waves (in the auction) by August 12. The Secretaries’ Committee approval process is also complete.
“In just one day, we have completed the spectrum harmonization process, which takes place after each auction,” the minister said.
Spectrum harmonization leads to greater efficiency for actors, as pieces of radio wave possessions in a band are brought together or consolidated with the consensus of all actors.
“The promise we made to allocate the spectrum by August 12…we’re on time,” Vaishnaw said.
An official from the telecommunications department, explaining the concept of spectrum harmonization, drew a parallel with distributed land holdings, where gaps are grouped into contiguous properties.
After each auction, the separate holdings of an individual player in a pool are brought together through the matching process. All actors must agree for such displacement and consolidation to take place, a process that normally takes months. “It’s a difficult process, but we completed the harmonization process in one day. The team worked very meticulously,” Vaishnaw said. Spectrum refers to radio frequencies allocated to the mobile industry and other sectors for communication over the airwaves. This includes FM or AM radio broadcasts and even other forms of wireless communication like Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. Mobile phones also use these radio waves to transmit voice calls and data. These frequencies are available in different bands, supporting specific technologies, as well as governing the transmission speed.
The quantum of spectrum in each band is measured in MHz. Typically, 5G offers speeds about 10 times faster than 4G, lag-free connectivity, and can enable billions of connected devices to share data in real time.
In addition to powering ultra-low latency connections, which allow full, high-quality videos or movies to be downloaded to a mobile device in seconds (even in crowded areas), fifth-generation or 5G would enable solutions like such as e-health, connected vehicles, more immersive augmented reality and metaverse experiences, life-saving use cases, and advanced mobile cloud gaming, among others. PTI
Reliance Jio Infocomm has secured 24,740 Mhz spectrum in 700, 800, 1800, 3300 MHz and 26 Ghz. Adani Data Networks secured 400 Mhz spectrum in the 26 Ghz band, suitable for captive networks
Bharti Airtel has secured 19,867.8 Mhz in the 900, 1800, 2100, 3300 Mhz and 26 Ghz bands. Vodafone Idea has purchased 6228 Mhz spectrum in 1800, 2100, 2500, 3300 Mhz and 26 Ghz.
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